AGRICULTURAL ROBOTICS – PERSPECTIVE
Agricultural advancements are becoming a recent tendency specifically, the use of the automation process in the agricultural field. As agricultural is the major source in India, a shortage of labor becomes a major challenge. Thus, to reduce the difficulties like time consumption and tediousness on using manpower robot-based farming is the best solution. Robot-Based farming was started already by countries like the USA, China, Japan, and Korea, etc. Hence, bringing some advancement in other nation must be essential for enhancing the yield of cultivation.
Field robotics usage is relatively new, though a movie is known as ‘‘Runaway’’ is produced by Holly-wood in 1984 which uses agricultural robots as scouts for plucking off corn leaves insects. Meanwhile, a lot of PhD Professionals quite fetching various aspects and views regarding this concept. For instance, a study on “Agricultural robotics: the future of robotic agriculture”.
AN IMPRESSION BEHIND THE DESIGN OF ROBOTIC SCOUTS
Actually, the use of first field robot arose much later. Still various professional PhD researches in their research like “Robotics in Crop Production” efforts in bringing innovation. A field robot can design with the use of drones for weed control, which was greatly expand especially in intricate environment. Use of drones through high-quality remote sensing was an interesting fact in the consistent maneuver of Precision Agriculture (PA).
Agrarians need information regarding the soil and crop status all through the cultivating and growing period. A type of Robotic scouts is proficient in roving among crop rows thereby recognizing the soil nature. They are capable of performing subsequent activities:
- Spotting predetermined place,
- Take a soil sample to identify moisture levels,
- Manipulate a cone penetrometer probe that is injected for measuring soil compaction, and
- Utilize an electric probe so as to estimate the level of pH.
Robotic scouts can estimate nitrogen, insect & weed infestations and water stress in plants at growing season via optical sensors and cameras. As a whole, it is responsible for whole cultivation commencing from weeding to cropping without the use of any fertilizer. By this type of farming, we can get pesticide-free foods with less manpower usage.
Apart from their emerging benefits, it will have some imminent scope. The US government has to start accomplishing their commitment to go back to Moon as a stepping-stone of human settlements on Mars. Having agriculture in that place just before the arrival of humans is better for sustaining human life in that environment. For this purpose, this emerging technology helps. Therefore, there is a vital need for launching a fully robotic farming structure without human conciliation. An ultimate challenge can bought in agrarian robotics from this effort which also aids in the health benefits of humanity. As a result, it is evolving as a huge challenge for many PhD Professionals researches.