Research About Biotechnology: Biotechnology is allotted with various colors indicating its different areas. The colors are red, yellow, blue, green, brown, dark, purple, white, gold and grey. Each resembles a particular area of bio-tech activities. The color blue in bio-technology can refer to aquaculture, marine and coastal biotech in Research About Biotechnology. This area exploits the diversity identified in marine environments involving the form. Physiology, structure and chemistry of marine animals. It is more of the field that produces use of marine bioresources in research consultation. In addition, the applications of molecular biological methods to marine and freshwater organisms. Thus it will correlate with applications namely restoring the aquatic wildlife to its original state of habitat, preservation of a variety of marine species, and use of marine species to progress new medicines.
Here are various applications in the field of blue biotechnology as follows,
- Food supply
- Alternative energy source
- Human and environmental health
- Industrial biotechnology
- Transgenic fish
One of the important successful research applications of marine biotechnology is securing food supply. It is important to fulfil the growing demand for high quality and healthy products from fisheries and aquaculture in a maintainable way.The integral part of human nutrition are nutraceuticals and marine-derived food products. In fact, the omega-3 fatty acids extract from fish oil. Meanwhile, marine algae and phytoplankton plays a main role in human diet and physiology. Other nutraceuticals develop are bioactive peptides, fish proteins, amino acids, seaweeds, phytochemicals, Research About Biotechnology, chitosan etc.
Alternative Energy Source
The application of marine biotechnology is ensuring the alternative sources of energy since the marine environment is a maintainable source of bioenergy. Production of biofuel from micro algae is quite promising. Algae biomass can be develop in artificial ponds or in bioreactors without competing agricultural crops in research analysis. Seaweeds are the important feedstocks for bio refineries. This is an extensive field of research in recent days.
Human and Environmental Health
Marine technology is also safeguarding human and environmental health. In fact, it is utilize to develop medicines such as drugs, antibiotics, anticancer, painkillers and cosmetics. As well as, they are extracted directly or indirectly from flora and fauna. Using high resolution bio-sensing techniques to view the in-site marine environments.
Industrial Bio Technology
In addition, the industrial sectors are the largest beneficiaries of marine biotechnology Meanwhile, every products consumed from human comes from industrial biotech sector. For example, Green fluorescent protein from jellyfish and luciferase enzyme from vibrio fischeri both being utilizing in molecular biology as reporter proteins.
A transgenic fish is a modified fish whose DNA can change using genetic engineering techniques.Gene delivery is the most essential applications of marine biotech.The main purpose of transgenesis in fish is to improve their quality, resistance, productivity and growth. Genetically the modify fish are utilizes in scientific research proposal and studies available fish is to produce proteins and for functional genomics studies and to develop non-mammalian animal models. They are kept as pets for food production by changing the manifestation of hormone growth. It is also utilizing as an indicators of environmental pollutants in an aquatic habitat.
Conclusion – Research About Biotechnology
Earth’s surface area is covered by ocean with 70 percent, thus making the aquatic ecosystem. Though, a large are of coastal waters is turning unfit to sustain life forms due to human activities and pollutants. Thus blue biotechnology is much on the growth to protect and revive the natural marine ecosystem. Blue economy is improve through this technology meanwhile exploitation and preservation of marine ecosystem is primarily in hands of biotechnology. In this dissertation writing, this technology view as a technical and commercially realistic direction of development.