Electric Vehicles (EVs) –An Overview
Headway PhD Research: Today’s world is facing huge demand on fossil fuels due to the increasing growth of vehicles based on petroleum. As there is a vast amount of shortage for resource and environmental concerns. It is necessary to bring some alternatives to fuel vehicles which are major concerns for both the government sector and people. As a part of it, nowadays the invention and implementation of the electric vehicle have a mind-blowing fascination which in turn accounts for about 81% of total alternative fuel vehicles in China.
In spite of its invention, the escalation level of this EV is under research to evaluate its usage. A massive amount of Headway PhD Research may attempt which confess that it reaches only 0.5% of the total number of vehicles in China. The major reason behind this less penetration level is the lack of charging station in the roadside networks. There are several barriers to electric cars that are needed to overcome, so as to appeal a wide range of potential customers. Among others, the first and foremost is the limited range of electric cars to be driven without recharging.
Need For Charging Terminus
Most of the electric cars available in 2012 have ranged from 60 kilometers to 160 kilometers to a full battery, base on the following aspects. Such as traffic congestion, road types, and weather conditions. For electric cars, like driving ranges may not be plenteous for using this as a primary mode of transportation. One more precarious hurdle is the lack of charging station infrastructure. Eventually, it might nearly be impossible to encourage the driving range of electric cars intensely in the next few years.
So, it is significant to have a good infrastructure for the charging station. To eradicate this barrier and for the promotion of EV usage, the public sector is trying hard to encourage EV users. As an initiative, they have planned to construct a charging station in advance to meet a potential demand on charging and to attract the user. Henceforth many researchers came forward to implement some effective way of charging terminus. Among them one such study “Multi-Period Planning for Electric Car Charging Station Locations. A Case of Korean Expressways” exposed some ideas on the construction of this EV charging station.
Service Types And Location Modes
Quite a lot of PhD researches are in progress to analyze the city having a lower rate of EV penetration. And how to implement a charging infrastructure in that city. One such headway PhD Research Trends over EVs was made in “A bi-objective model for location planning of electric vehicle charging stations with GPS trajectory data”. An inherent demand for EV charging can also estimate with the current traffic state in that location. The area with more petroleum-based vehicles at present will have more EVs in the future. Good knowledge of current traffic situation is also known from GPS trajectory data. There were several approaches for the location modes and charging services like:
- Cell-based models and so on
As per the charging architecture perspective or the energy supply mode, charging of this EV can categorize as battery swapping, plug-in charging. As well as, the wireless charging (renewable energy usage). Also, there were three locating modes of charging stations based on parking-lot, gas station and random fashion. For the construction of the charging station. It is necessary to consider both service types and location modes for a decision as they are related to service quality and cost strongly.
“NIO” an EV company in china offers fast plug-in-charging and battery swapping services. Several case studies and headway researches will carry out on the design of EV charging station network in Shenzhen, China for more than thousands of vehicles. Conclusively, the design of EV charging station needs huge research to bring some effective set of solutions that are possible. The solution should also meet the cost and quality of service according to the charging demand as the traffic volume of the city varies widely all through the day. Thus, bringing a dynamic perspective while designing the location model for EV charging station. It is a promising part of future researchers. More at: Artificial Intelligence Research Paper Topics.